Person Page 596

Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling1,2,3,4

M, #14876, b. between April and June 1891, d. 21 November 1920
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling was born between April and June 1891 in St George Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England. Note: Volume 1a Page: 431. Born in Belgravia.2,4
  • Death: He died on 21 November 1920, in Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland.1,3
  • Burial: He was buried after 21 November 1920 in Kensal Green, London, England, All Souls Cemetery.1

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • Birth
    Between April and June 1891 | St George Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England
    Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling was born between April and June 1891 in St George Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England. Note: Volume 1a Page: 431. Born in Belgravia.
    Citations: 2,4
  • Fact
    Associate with a number of linen manufacturing companies.
  • 1911
    Military
    2 April 1911 | Sandhurst, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England
    British Army as Gentleman Cadet.
    Citation: 4
  • 1911
    Census
    2 April 1911 | Sandhurst, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England
    Enumerated on the census as As unmarried student/military cadet.
    Citation: 4
  • 1911
    Residence
    2 April 1911 | Sandhurst, Crowthorne, Berkshire, England
    Detail: Royal Military College, College for Training Officers For The Army, Cambeley, Surrye.
    Citation: 4
  • Award of Medal
    Between 1914 and 1918
    British War Medal in on between 1914 and 1918.
  • Award of Medal
    Between 1914 and 1918
    Victory Medal in on between 1914 and 1918.
  • Military
    Between 1914 and 1918 | Western Front, France
    Wounded in service three times.
  • 1914
    Military
    30 August 1914 | France
    British Expeditionary Force.
  • 1915
    Military
    15 July 1915
    Captain Grenadier Guards with seniority.
  • 1920
    Award of Medal
    5 January 1920
    Applied for 1914 Star Medal in on 5 January 1920.
  • 1920
    Military
    16 April 1920
    Resigns his commission.
  • 1920
    Military
    16 April 1920 | Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
    Promoted Major in 2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards, British Army.
  • 1920
    Residence
    Before 21 November 1920 | London, EnglandG
    Detail: 13 Eaton Square, Belgravia.
  • 1920
    Residence
    Before 21 November 1920 | Filey, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
    Detail: 'Sunnyside', 2 Melville Terrace.
  • 1920
    Residence
    Before 21 November 1920 | Wimbledon, London, England
    Detail: 'B' Lines Wimbledon Camp.

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1920
    Death
    21 November 1920 | Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
    Cause: "Murder most foul" - "Blackest Sunday in Irish History"
    Citations: 1,3
  • 1920
    Burial
    After 21 November 1920 | Kensal Green, London, England
    Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling was buried after 21 November 1920 in Kensal Green, London, England, All Souls Cemetery.
    Citation: 1
  • 1921
    Will
    27 January 1921 | London, EnglandG
    He left a will on 27 January 1921 in London, EnglandG,Probate to Arthur Claud Dalton gentleman and Dermot McMurrough Kavanagh captain H.M. Army. Effects £5996 19s 11d.
    Citation: 3

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling has the reference number 14876.

Narrative

Source: www.dublinfusiliers.com/cairo-gang/dowling.html

The operation began at 9:00 am, when about members of the Squad entered 28 Pembroke Street. The first British agents to die were Major Dowling and Captain Leonard Price. Andy Cooney of the Dublin Brigade, of the Irish Republican Army, removed documents from their rooms, before three more members of the Gang were shot in the same house: Captain Keenlyside, Colonel Woodcock, and Colonel Montgomery. The leader of the unit, Flannigan, arrived, pushed Mrs. Keenlyside out of the way and shot her husband.

Dalton had done most to find the information to condemn the men in the house in Pembroke Street. He had courted the maid there, got an IRA man employed as the porter; he watched until he knew that the two men he wanted slept in rooms on the third floor. The rest of the British officers in the house were lives that may or may not be taken on the day. Dalton met Paddy Flannigan at five minutes to nine as they had arranged the night before.

There were brief introductions to the men Flannagan had brought along and then as Dalton explained to Ernie O’Malley: "I was with Flannagan and 2 fellows and we went up the left hand stairs to the third flight. I knew the one where Dowling and Montgomery were for the girl had told me. The other doorway was adjacent and there was a landing. The two lads were in bed in pyjamas and Paddy Flannigan said for us and they got up rather startled and I thought this was the (time?) and I wanted the papers. They were against the wall when Paddy fired. The fellows fell and they made a gurgling sound. Said I to Paddy Flannigan ‘I want to search the bloody room.’‘Get to hell out of this ’said Paddy. The other fellows brought their men to the hallway. They had the men in pyjamas and they had their hands up. I was stopped by the 3rd Bn officers. ‘Who are you they asked?’‘I’m an intelligence officer’, I said and here were not more than 6 or 7 in the house. The(y) were lined up. They were held up on the staircase to the cellers . I saw one hit the floor and (fall) down the stairs. Paddy Flannigan said goodbye and went up by Earlsfort Terrace.

The "two lads in the pyjamas" were Major C. M. C. Dowling and Captain Leonard Price. It was not Montgomery as Dalton suspected. Paddy Flannigan shot Dowling twice and Price once and Flannigan was an accurate shot. The bullets to the chest killed both Colonel Hugh Ferguson Montgomery and Captain H. B. C. Keenlyside were lined up downstairs in the hall as Dalton said. Montgomery gave his name and was shot twice in the body. Keenlyside followed and was shot four times, in the arms and in the jaw. Montgomery was the one who later died. Colonel W. J. Woodcock was shot in the shoulder and the back but managed to climb up the stairs to his room. Lieutenant Murray was wounded as he came down the stairs. Judging even by Dalton’s fevered description there was panic and confusion in Pembroke Street, especially when British officers seemed to be emerging from every door. And this was not to mention all the pushing past scratching, struggling, screaming wives. Dalton may have felt pity for the men later when he wrote his book, a pity which even the Dominions Office acknowledged when a call to suppress the book was voiced in 1931. But that morning he seemed in too much of a hurry to ‘get the bloody hell out of it ’to feel very much else at all.

Hansard reports. 28, Upper Pembroke-street. Two officers murdered and four wounded. The residence of Mrs. Gray was raided at 9 o'clock this morning by about twenty men, some of whom came on bicycles. The house consists of several flats. The raiders, who were armed and undisguised, held up a maid on the stairs, and Mrs. Gray, the proprietress, who was leaving her room, was simultaneously detained. The house appeared to be familiar to them, as they broke up into parties, and went with evident knowledge to various parts of the house. From ten to twelve shots were heard, and, following these, the assassins decamped. Mrs. Gray and her maid visited the rooms immediately and found that Major Dowling, of the Grenadier Guards, had been shot dead at his bedroom door. Captain Price, of the Royal Engineers, was found dead the next room door. Captain Kenlyside, of the Lancashire Fusiliers, whose wife most gallantly struggled with the murderers and thereby frustrated their purpose, was wounded in the arm. Colonel Woodcock was fired at as he came downstairs. He appeared to have taken unawares the raiders who were in the hall. Be called out to Colonel Montgomery who was coming out of his room and was wounded in the body. Turning towards his room to secure a weapon Colonel Woodcock was also wounded. Colonel Woodcock and Colonel Montgomery both belong to the Lancashire Fusiliers. A sixth officer, Mr. Murray, of the Royal Scots, was also wounded as he descended the stairs. A lady resident in the house went from room to room seeking help and in every room found only dead, dying, or wounded men.

Commonwealth Graves Commission site says "Recent research has shown that Major Dowling is buried at Kensal Green (All Souls) Cemetery. He does not appear to have married.
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The Cairo Gang

The Cairo Gang was a group of British Intelligence agents in Dublin during the Irish War of Independence with a brief to conduct intelligence operations against members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Twelve people, including British Army officers, Royal Irish Constabulary officers and a civilian, were assassinated on the morning of 21 November 1920 by the IRA in a planned series of simultaneous early-morning strikes engineered by Michael Collins. Apparently there were about 60 men trained in London in a unit run by Major C A Cameron, and sent under cover singlely to Ireland

Nineteen men were shot. Fourteen were killed on 21 November, Montgomery died later making fifteen in all. Four were wounded.

Ames, Angliss, Baggallay, Bennett, Dowling, Fitzgerald, McCormack, MacLean, Montgomery, Newberry, Price, Wilde, Smith, Morris, Garniss were killed. Keenlyside, Woodcock, Murray and Caldow were wounded. Peel amongst others escaped. The dead included members of the "Cairo Gang", British Army Courts-Martial officers, the two Auxiliaries, a number of soldiers in the wrong place at the wrong time and a civilian.

Both the British and the Irish had efficient propagana organisations and were cabable and indeed intent on doctoring the news to gain political advantage. And if they could not do that, then at least to minimise the negative effects of news. The British attempted to portray the men murdered as innocent soldiers just doing their duty, and shot in error by the IRA. While the IRA want to put across that they were all dangerous men who whould have brought about the death of a great many Irishmen if they had not been silenced.

It seems that the truth lies between the two opposing lots of spin. The British had trained around 60 specially selected men in London. These men were to be infiltrated individually into Irish society, with the aim of breaking the IRA.

Of those killed by the IRA, Ames, Angliss, Bennett, Dowling, MacLean were probably Intellengence officers. Baggallay and Newberry were Court Martial officers not involved with Intellegence - had they been murdered on any other day, their deaths would have been unremarked by history. McCormack and Wilde appear to have been army vets in the wrong place at the wrong time. Fitzgerald was a policeman, who was probably mistaken for someone else. Smith was the landlord of a house that some of the army men were staying at and was probably "collateral". Morris and Garniss were Auzilliaries on their way to warn the barracks and were "collateral", as was Montgomery and Price.

Cairo Gang Photograph - The photo that is invariably used for the Cairo gang, but I am unsure of its authenticity but numbers on back of photo are

1 - Major Dowling at 28 Pembroke St
2 - Leonard Price at 28 Pembroke St
3 - Lewis Maclean at 117 Morehampton Road
4 - Willaim Frederick Newberry at 92 Lower Baggot St
5 - Lt Peter Ashmun Ames at 38 Upper Mount St
6 - Capt George Bennett at 38 Upper Mount St
7 - John Fitzgerald at 28 Earlsfort Terrace
8 - Lt Angliss AKA McMahon at 22 Lower Mount St
9 - Capt Geoffrey Thomas Bagally at 119 Baggott St
10 - not named

The odd thing about this is the inclusion of Fitzgerald (all the rest are serving officers and have Commonwealth War Graves Commission graves. The missing man is probably Montgomery on this reasoning as he is a serving officer, but not named. None of the officers who escaped death for one reason or another are in the photograph. The men murdered were:

Ames, Angliss, Baggally, Bennett, Dowling, Fitzgerald, MacLean, Montgomery, Newberry, Price, McCormack, Smith, Wilde, Garniss and Morris.

In January 1920, the British Army Intelligence Center in Ireland recruited a special plainclothes unit of 18-20 demobilized ex-army officers and some active-duty officers to conduct clandestine operations against the IRA. The officers received training at a school of instruction in London, most likely under the supervision of Special Branch, which had been part of the Directorate of Home Intelligence since February 1919. They may also have received some training from MI5 officers and ex-officers working for Special Branch. Army Centre, Dublin, hoped these officers could eventually be divided up and deployed to the provinces to support its 5th and 6th Division intelligence staffs, but it decided to keep it in Dublin under the command of the Dublin District Division, General Gerald Boyd, commanding. It was known officially as the Dublin District Special Branch (DDSB) and also as "D Branch".

One by one, they arrived in Ireland, travelling under aliases and using commercial cover, several taking jobs as shop assistants or garage bands to avoid suspicion. Professor Bowden believes that the Cairo Group was directed by two men, Peter Ames and George Bennet. These individuals maintained liaison with three veterans of the campaign, Lt. Angliss, alias McMahon, who had been recalled from Russia to organize intelligence in South Dublin, an Irishman by the name of Peel, and D. L. McLean, the chief of intelligence at Dublin Castle. There is doubt about Bowdens work, see Townsend instead. Besides being more experienced intelligence operatives than those earlier working in Ireland, the members of the Cairo Group increased the threat to the Irish because they immediately reorganized the British intelligence effort, which until their arrival had been decentralized and uncoordinated. They moved quickly to correct weaknesses. Their accomplishments led ultimately to the events of "Bloody Sunday."

Although the IIS was aware that changes were taking place on the British side, it was some time before it ascertained the identities of the Cairo Group. Their first break came following the execution of John Lynch, an Irish Treasury Official, by the Group. After this episode, Lt. Angliss, drunk and despondent, divulged his participation in the execution to a girl who inadvertently passed this information to an IIS informant. The remaining members of the group were identified after an unwitting landlady revealed to another IIS informant that several of her British guests regularly went out very late in the evening. At the time Dublin was under a very strict curfew, and only authorized personnel were allowed on the streets. The individuals in question were taken under observation by the surveillance and enforcement arm of the IIS -- called the Twelve Apostles5 -- which determined that they were in contact with previously identified members of the Cairo Group. To the Twelve Apostles, this meant that they were instrumentally involved with the Cairo Group.

In May 1920, Lieutenant Colonel Walter Wilson arrived in Dublin to take command of D Branch. Following the events of Bloody Sunday, November 21, 1920, when several D Branch officers were assassinated by IRA hit teams, D Branch was transferred to the command of Brigadier-General Sir Ormonde Winter in January 1921. Winter had been placed in charge of a new police intelligence unit, the Combined Intelligence Service, in May 1920, and his charter was to set up a central intelligence clearing house to more effectively collate and coordinate army and police intelligence. The several members of D Branch who survived Bloody Sunday were very unhappy to be transferred from army command to CIS command, and, for the next six months, until the Truce of July 1921, D Branch continued to maintain regular contact with Army Intelligence Center while undertaking missions for Winter's CIS.

The Cairo Gang was so named by the IRA because its members met in the Cafe Cairo. Its members lived in boarding houses and hotels across Dublin, where they lived unobtrusively while preparing a hit list of known republicans. However, the IRA Intelligence Department (IRAID) was one step ahead of them and was receiving information from numerous well-placed sources, including Lily Merin, who was the confidential code clerk for British Army Intelligence Center in Parkgate Street, and Sergeant Jerry Mannix, stationed in Donnybrook. Mannix provided the IRAID with a list of names and addresses for all the members of the Cairo Gang, but Michael Collins's case officers on the intelligence staff-Liam Tobin, Tom Cullen and Frank Thornton-were meeting with several D Branch officers nightly, pretending to be informers. Another IRA penetration source participating in the nightly repartee with the D Branch men at Cafe Cairo, Rabiatti's Saloon and Kidds Back Pub was Detective Constable David Neligan, one of Michael Collins's penetrations of G-Division (secret police) of the Dublin Metropolitan Police. Additionally, the IRA had co-opted most of the Irish servants who worked in the rooming houses where the D Branch officers lived, and all of their comings and goings were meticulously recorded by servants and reported to Collins's staff.

The Cairo Group however begun to close in on men surrounding Collins. Three IIS senior officers, Frank Thornton, one of the Twelve Apostles and the man responsible for maintaining the surveillance of the Cairo Group, Liam Tobin, the senior officer in charge of the IIS "Brain Center," and Tom Cullen, his assistant, were arrested. Unable to break the cover stories of Thornton, Tobin, and Cullen, the British interrogators released them. Tobin and Cullen were detained only a few hours. Thornton, however, underwent a gruelling interrogation for ten days. These arrests alarmed the IIS. Shortly after Thornton's release, Collins received information that the Cairo Group was planning more arrests. Fearful that additional interrogations would be successful and reveal IIS personnel and installations, Collins met with his staff and formulated the plans for "Bloody Sunday."

Lieutenant "G" who was Michael Collins' agent in the British Military had informed him that he should clear the "Cairo Gang" out by the 21st of this month and a list of 35 suspected members of the "Cairo Gang" had been drawn up together with their photographs. It was given to Cathal Brugha to peruse and he removed 15 men from the list and Michael Collins then informed Richard Mac Kee of the addresses of all those of the British "Cairo Gang" still listed and that it must be carried out on the 21st. Richard Mac Kee then informed Peadar Clancy and the "12 Apostles" who had already carried out surveillance on were they were all living. Again this is from Professor Bowden, and derided by Professor Townsend

From then on, all the members of the gang were kept under surveillance for several weeks, and intelligence was gathered from sympathisers (for example, concerning people who were coming home at strange hours, which would indicate that they were being allowed through the military curfews). The IRA Dublin Brigade and the IRAID then pooled their resources and intelligence to draw up their own hit list of suspected gang members and set the date for the assassinations to be carried out: 21 November 1920 at 9:00 am sharp.

The operation was planned by several senior IRA members, including Michael Collins, Dick McKee, Liam Tobin, Peadar Clancy, Tom Cullen, Frank Thornton and Oscar Traynor. The killings were planned to coincide with the Gaelic football match between Dublin and Tipperary, because the large crowds around Dublin would provide easier movement and less chance of detection for the members of Collins' Squad carrying out the assassinations. Clancy and McKee were picked up by the British on the evening of Saturday, 20 November. They were interrogated, tortured and shot dead, along with a Gaelic language student, Conor Clune, the nephew of Archbishop Clune. In spite of being tortured, they did not talk, and the British learned nothing of the assassination plot.

On 17 November Collins had written to Dick McKee, Commander of the Dublin Brigade:

Dick . . . have established addresses of the particular ones. Arrangements should now be made about the matter. Lt. G. is aware of things. He suggested the 21st. A most suitable date and day I think. "M"
Early Sunday morning, November 21, 1920, while most of Dublin slept, eight groups of IIS officers including the Twelve Apostles went into action. They executed eleven British intelligence officers. As many more marked for extinction escaped. McMahon and McLean were among those executed. Of the leaders of the Cairo Group, only Peel escaped. Most of the others who escaped had not been direct participants in the British plan.

The British reaction to "Bloody Sunday" was quick. Carloads of Auxiliaries were almost immediately dispatched to Croke Park, Dublin where a large crowd had assembled to watch a football game. Accounts of what followed are conflicting, but one of the most widely reported stated that the Auxiliaries fired into the crowd, killing fourteen and wounding many others. Despite the confusion, Dick McKee and Peadar Clancy, who both had participated in the liquidation of Bloody Sunday, along with an innocent visitor to Dublin were arrested and taken to Dublin Castle, where shortly thereafter they were executed.

Mrs Woodcock, wife of Lt Col Wookcock , who herself witnessed the shootings, writes

It was not until I went back to the military hospital on the afternoon of 21st November that I realised that our house had not been the only one visited by the murderers. The matron there told me that the dead bodies of fourteen British officers lay in the hospital mortuary. Nine of these were in pyjamas. That little sentence shows in what circumstances the majority of them lost their lives. Two officers who had dined at our house on the Saturday night were among the killed. These officers were Roman Catholics, and, I was told, had taken up special service work from a sense of duty. Tale after tale of horror was unfolded to me until my brain reeled,and I felt I could bear no more.

One officer had been butchered in front of his wife. They took some time to kill him (This must refer to Newberry). Shortly afterwards she had a little baby. It was born dead, and a few days after she also died.

The American Consul had dined at our house the night before the murders. His two hosts were among the murdered. They had played bridge till it was very late, and he had been pressed to stay the night. If he had, there would probably have been an American citizen the less,as there is no doubt the men and boys who visited our house were mostly quite incapable, from fright, of distinguishing friend from foe. One of the wounded officers told me he was placed against a wall in the hall, and eight men took, or tried to take, careful aim at him. One man's hand shook so much that a comrade took his revolver away from him, and another supported his trembling right hand on his left arm. This officer also was a regimental officer, and had nothing to do with police or secret service. Like my husband , he too had a most marvellous escape, and none of the shots he received were vital.

CIA Studies in Intelligence, V13:1-69-78 (Winter 1969)
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eBay sale April 2013:-
A full page and reverse from our Index: Volume of the GRAPHIC, an illustrated weekly newspaper dated 1920, the image size is approximately(including margins as seen) 15.5 x 11 inches (395x280). All are genuine antique prints and not modern copies the Graphic is an illustrated newspaper and is a fine example of a historic social record of British and world events up to the present day. The Graphic is known for its coverage of the following subjects the wars, ships, boats, guns, sailing, portraits, fine art, old and antique prints, wood cut, wood engravings, early photographs, Victorian life, Victorian culture, kings, queens, royalty, travels, adventures, natural history, birds, fish, mammals, fishing, hunting, shooting, fox hunting, sports including tennis, cricket, football, horse racing, politics and many more items of interest.

Person Exhibits

Portrait-Dowling-Major-Grenadier-Guards-1920
News-Dowling-Major-Murder-1920
Doc-Cairo-Gang-01.jpg
DocMilitary-Medal-Card-Dowling-C-M-C-R.jpg
DocMilitary-Medal-Card-Dowling-C-M-C-F.jpg
PhotoGroup-Cairo-Gang.jpg



Citations

  1. [S1095] SOURCE: (Full): Ancestry.com,
    Source Combined Fields: <i>Find A Grave</i>. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi: accessed 15 February 2013.,
    Repository: Internet Service: Ancestry.com,
    Citation Detail: Database online.,
    Citation Text: Record for Major Charles Milne Dowling
  2. [S401] SOURCE: (Full): FreeBMD,
    Source Combined Fields: England. "Civil Registration BIRTH Index: 1837-Present; FreeBMD ".

    General Register Office, England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, London, England: General Register Office,
    Repository: Internet Service: FreeBMD - www.freebmd.org.uk,
    Citation Detail: Database online.,
    Citation Text: Record for Charles Milne C Dowling

    Birth-Dowling-Charles-Milne-Cholmeley-1837-1915-2000-ENG-Index.jpg
    Database online.
  3. [S986] SOURCE: (Full): Ancestry.com,
    Source Combined Fields: England & Wales. National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995. Digital images. Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. Provo, Utah, USA;. Ancestry.com. Ancestry.com : 2010.

    Principal Probate Registry. ;Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England</i>. London, England © Crown copyright.,
    Repository: Internet Service: Ancestry.com,
    Citation Detail: Database online.,
    Citation Text: Record for Charles Milne Cholmeley Dowling

    Doc-Probate-Dowling-Charles-Milne-Cholmeley-1920-ENG-Wills-Administrations-Index.jpg
    Database online.
  4. [S742] SOURCE: (Full): Ancestry.com,
    Source Combined Fields: 1911 census of England. P R O J E C T. Digital images. Find My Past. https://search.findmypast.co.uk/record?id=GBC/1911/RG14/08889/0439&parentid=GBC/1911/RG14/08889/0439/1 : 2019.,
    Repository: Internet Service: Ancestry.com,
    Citation Detail: Database online.,
    Citation Text: Record for Charles Hilne C Dowling

    Census-1911-ENG-Dowling-Charles-Milne-Cholmeley-001.jpg
    Database online.

Joseph Rawlins Dowling1

M, #14879, b. 1794, d. 24 August 1845
Pedigree Link

Parents



Family :-
: Partner: Harriet Fox (b. 1801, d. 1855)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Joseph Rawlins Dowling was born in 1794 in IrelandG.
  • Marriage: He and Harriet Fox were married on 27 February 1817 in Charing Cross, Westminster, London, England, St Martin--in-the Fields. (WC1.)
  • Death: He died on 24 August 1845.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • Name Joseph Dowling
    Citations: 2,3,4
  • 1794
    Birth
    1794 | IrelandG
  • 1801
    Birth
    1801 | IrelandG
    Citation: 4
  • 1817~23
    Marriage | Harriet Fox
    27 February 1817 | Charing Cross, Westminster, London, England
    Age ~16
    Birth 1801
    Death: 1855
    Joseph Rawlins Dowling and Harriet Fox were married on 27 February 1817 in Charing Cross, Westminster, London, England, St Martin--in-the Fields. (WC1.)
  • Residence
    St. James, London, England
    Citation: 2
  • Military
    London, EnglandG
    Barrack Master at St James's Barracks.
  • Military
    Service: British Army.
    Citation: 3
  • Award of Medal
    B.M. (possibly Burma Medal issued 1826) in on.
    Citation: 2
  • Military
    Rank: Captain.
    Citation: 3
  • Military
    Unit: Royal Marines (UNCONFIRMED.)
    Citation: 2
  • 1811~17
    Military
    16 May 1811 | Badajoz, Extremadura, SpainG
    Battle of Albuhera (UNCONFIRMED.)
    Citation: 3
  • 1815~21
    Military
    18 June 1815 | Brussels (Bruxelles), BelgiumG
    Battle of Waterloo (UNCONFIRMED.)
    Citation: 3
  • 1841~47
    Residence
    7 June 1841 | Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England
    Detail: Stafford Row, St George, Hanover Square.
    Citation: 4
  • 1841~47
    Occupation
    7 June 1841 | Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England
    Army.
    Citation: 4
  • 1841~47
    Census
    7 June 1841 | Hanover Square, Westminster, London, England
    Enumerated on the census as Age: 40; Marital Status: APPARENTLY Married; Relation to Head: Head.
    Citation: 4

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1845~51
    Death
    24 August 1845
  • 1854
    Death
    Before 5 November 1854
    Joseph Rawlins Dowling died before 5 November 1854. Note: Shown as "late" in 1854.
    Citation: 2

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Joseph Rawlins Dowling has the reference number 14879.





Citations

  1. [S960] SOURCE: (Full): Ancestry.com,
    Source Combined Fields: Genealogical Society of Utah. ;British Isles Vital Records Index, 2nd Edition</i>. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, copyright 2002. Used by permission.,
    Repository: Internet Service: Ancestry.com,
    Citation Detail: Database online.,
    Citation Text: Record for Thurlow Dowling
  2. [S543] SOURCE: (Full):
    Source Combined Fields: England. London. The Illustrated London News, 2 Dec 1854.,
    Citation Detail: Medal for DOWLING, WILLIAM HENRY; Lieutenant of the 20th Regiment, who was killed while most gallantly leading his company, was third son of the late Captain Joseph Dowling BM., St. James.; Saturday 2 Dec 1854. Page 567 column 2
  3. [S1549] SOURCE: (Full):
    Source Combined Fields: Dix Noonan Webb, Auction Website; 16 Bolton Street, Mayfair, London W1J 8BQ. Medal & Portrait. 2013. Privately held by Unknown, Unknown. 2013.

    https://www.dnw.co.uk/auction-archive/lot-archive/lot.php?department=Medals&lot_id=236244,
    Citation Detail: Dix Noonan Webb Auction Website Lot 887 soldin auction for £3,600 (valued at "2,000 to £2,500):"The Crimea medal to Lieutenant W. H. Dowling, 20th Foot, killed in action at the Sandbag Battery during the battle of Inkermann, the only officer of the regiment to be killed in the warCrimea 1854-56, 3 clasps, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol (Lieut. W. H. Dowling, 20th Foot) contemporary engraved naming in the style of Hunt & Roskell, the last clasp loose on ribbon as issued, together with a fine portrait miniature of the recipient in uniform of the 20th Foot, believed to be painted by Sarah Carpenter, contained in an oval glazed frame, the reverse containing locks of his hair attractively set with his initials 'W.H.D.', last initial detached, the medal and portrait contained in a contemporary fitted case for display, and sold with an original newspaper cutting, the medal dark toned, extremely fine and attractive £2000-2500 FootnoteWilliam Henry Dowling was born in 1824, the third son of Captain Joseph Dowling, Barrack Master at St James’s Barracks, London, who had fought at the battle of Waterloo and who had seen much service in the Peninsula, including the sanguinary battle of Albuhera. He joined his regiment in the Crimea on 22 September 1854, a couple of days after the battle of the Alma, in which the 20th had been in attendance, guarding the left flank of the attacking allied army but had not been brought into action.,
    Citation Text: The following information was taken from the accompanying cutting, the origins of which are unknown:

    ‘We deeply regret to observe in the list of killed at the battle of Inkermann, the name of Lieutenant W. Dowling of the 20th Regiment. This young officer will be remembered as having been resident here during last winter and summer, when he won the esteem of all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance by his kind and gentlemanly manner. Lieutenant Dowling left only in the month of May last to join his regiment, then about to embark for the East. In a letter written to his brother two days before he was killed, he said, ‘If I survive, I will write to you directly after the action; but if not, know, my dearest brother, that I fell as I should, at the head of my company.’ By the following extract from the letter of a fellow officer, dated Nov. 6, to Mr. Dowling's brother it will be seen that the gallant Lieutenant met his death where he most desired - ‘You will see by the papers the day was a most fearful one. Your poor brother was killed while most gallantly leading and cheering on his company in a desperate charge. He was buried today within a few yards of Generals Cathcart and Goldie. His loss is most bitterly felt by every one in his regiment. It must be some satisfaction to you, though a sad one, to know how nobly he died. Poor William! he can have suffered little, for it was found that he had been shot through the head, and his death must have been almost instantaneous.’

    Lieutenant Dowling is buried in the Cathcart Hill Cemetery, in the Crimea, where his grave is marked with a stone cross, bearing the inscription ‘

    sacred to the memory of
    w. h. dowling esq.
    lieut. xx regt.
    who was killed at inkermann
    5th november 1854

    William Dowling was the only officer of the 20th (East Devonshire) Regiment killed at Inkermann and, indeed, throughout the whole war, although a good many were wounded. "

    Photo-Dowling-William-Henry-1824-1854-d.jpg
  4. [S2470] SOURCE: (Full):
    Source Combined Fields: https://search.findmypast.co.uk/record?id=GBC%2F1841%2F0732%2F0494&parentid=GBC%2F1841%2F0008106310,
    Citation Detail: Census for DOWLING, JOSEPH household of St George Hanover Square, Belgrave, London, Middlesex, England; Archive reference: HO107, Piece number: 732, Schedule: 2028; Record ID: GBC/1841/0008106310; Book: 9; Civil Parish: St George Hanover Square; County: Middlesex; Enumeration District: 30; Folio: 18; Page: 1; Line: 17; GSU roll: 438834. First name(s) Last name Sex Age Birth year Birth place Joseph Dowling Male 40 1801 Ireland Harriett Dowling Female 40 1801 - Harriett Dowling Female 20 1821 Middlesex, England Thurlow Dowling Male 20 1821 - Cordelia Dowling Female 20 1821 - Daniel Dowling Male 15 1826 - Charles Dowling Male 6 1835 - Margaret Howard Female 45 1796 Ireland Mary Aberdeen Female 20 1821 Middlesex, England,
    Citation Text: Collated by Brian Thomas Dowling (1955-) on 30 June 2022 via Service:Findmypast. Transcript: https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1841/0008106310 -(ORA). g

    Census-1841-ENG-Dowling-Joseph-1801-London-Middlesex-St George Hanover Square

Charles Fox

M, #14881, b. before 1780, d. 1796
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Partner: Caroline Simmonds (b. before 1778, d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Charles Fox was born before 1780.
  • Death: He died in 1796.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1780
    Birth
    Before 1780

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1796
    Death
    1796

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Charles Fox has the reference number 14881.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

Caroline Simmonds

F, #14882, b. before 1778, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Partner: Charles Fox (b. before 1780, d. 1796)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Caroline Simmonds was born before 1778.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1778
    Birth
    Before 1778

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Caroline Simmonds has the reference number 14882.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

Dionysious Dowling

M, #14883, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



Family :-
: Partner: Susannah Glasco (b. before 1800, d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Marriage: Dionysious Dowling and Susannah Glasco were married on 29 May 1824.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Dionysious Dowling has the reference number 14883.





Susannah Glasco

F, #14884, b. before 1800, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Partner: Rawlins (d. before 1784)

Children:


Family :-
: Partner: Dionysious Dowling (d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Susannah Glasco was born before 1800.
  • Marriage: She and Rawlins were married before 1784.
  • Marriage: She and Dionysious Dowling were married on 29 May 1824.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Susannah Glasco has the reference number 14884.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

John Rawlins Dowling

M, #14885, b. before 1715, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



Family :-
: Partner: Martha Higginson (b. before 1745, d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: John Rawlins Dowling was born before 1715.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1715
    Birth
    Before 1715

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study John Rawlins Dowling has the reference number 14885.





Martha Higginson

F, #14886, b. before 1745, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



Family :-
: Partner: John Rawlins Dowling (b. before 1715, d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Martha Higginson was born before 1745.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1745
    Birth
    Before 1745

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Martha Higginson has the reference number 14886.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

Higginson

M, #14887, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Death: Higginson died DECEASED.

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Higginson has the reference number 14887.





Murtagh Dowling

M, #14888, b. about 1662, d. about 1712
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Murtagh Dowling was born about 1662.
  • Death: He died about 1712.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1662
    Birth
    About 1662

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1712
    Death
    About 1712

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Murtagh Dowling has the reference number 14888.





Vincent Dowling

M, #14889, b. before 1800, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



Family :-
: Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Vincent Dowling was born before 1800.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1800
    Birth
    Before 1800

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Vincent Dowling has the reference number 14889.





Vincent George Dowling

M, #14890, b. about 1850, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Vincent George Dowling was born about 1850.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1850
    Birth
    About 1850

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Vincent George Dowling has the reference number 14890.





James Dowling

M, #14891, b. before 1850, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: James Dowling was born before 1850.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1850
    Birth
    Before 1850

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Title
    James Dowling held the title of "Sir."
  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study James Dowling has the reference number 14891.





Rawlins

M, #14892, d. before 1784
Pedigree Link



Family :-
: Partner: Susannah Glasco (b. before 1800, d. DECEASED)

Children:


BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Marriage: Rawlins and Susannah Glasco were married before 1784.
  • Death: He died before 1784.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1784
    Death
    Before 1784

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Rawlins has the reference number 14892.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

Rosa Rawlins

F, #14893, d. 1864
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Death: Rosa Rawlins died in 1864.

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1864
    Death
    1864

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Rosa Rawlins has the reference number 14893.





Letitia Dowling

F, #14894, d. 10 November 1858
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Death: Letitia Dowling died on 10 November 1858, in Auckland, New Zealand.

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1858
    Death
    10 November 1858 | Auckland, New Zealand

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Letitia Dowling has the reference number 14894.





Samuel Coldberg

M, #14895, b. before 1810, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Samuel Coldberg was born before 1810.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • Name Samuel Coldby
  • 1810
    Birth
    Before 1810
  • Military
    Captain.

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Samuel Coldberg has the reference number 14895.





Caroline Fox

F, #14896, b. 1793, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Caroline Fox was born in 1793.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1793
    Birth
    1793

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Caroline Fox has the reference number 14896.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

John Charles Smith

M, #14897, b. about 1778, d. 29 November 1863
Pedigree Link



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: John Charles Smith was born about 1778.
  • Death: He died on 29 November 1863.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1778
    Birth
    About 1778
  • Military
    Colonel.

Events - Death & Burial

  • 1863
    Death
    29 November 1863

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study John Charles Smith has the reference number 14897.





Ann Caroline Fox

F, #14898, b. before 1797, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Ann Caroline Fox was born before 1797.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1797
    Birth
    Before 1797

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Ann Caroline Fox has the reference number 14898.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

Eliza Fox

F, #14899, b. before 1797, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link

Parents



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: Eliza Fox was born before 1797.
  • Death: She died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1797
    Birth
    Before 1797

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study Eliza Fox has the reference number 14899.




  • This person appears in the following lists:-
    : 1700s All

L Simmond

M, #14900, b. before 1810, d. DECEASED
Pedigree Link



BIOGRAPHY


Vital Facts

  • Birth: L Simmond was born before 1810.
  • Death: He died DECEASED.

Events - Chronological (including alternatives)

  • 1810
    Birth
    Before 1810

Events - Death & Burial

  • Death
    DECEASED

Facts - Non-Chronological

  • Reference Number
    In the Dowling One-Name Study L Simmond has the reference number 14900.