M, #27602, b. 1823, d. 20 November 1863
- Birth: Bartholomew Dowling was born in 1823 in Listowel, Kerry, Ireland.1
- Death: He died on 20 November 1863, in San Francisco, California, USAG. Note: Age: 40; St Mary's Hospital.1
Events - Chronological (including alternatives)
1823 | Listowel, Kerry, Ireland
Between June and August 1852 | California, USAG
About 1833 | Canada
After 1840 | Limerick, Ireland
Author and poet of "The Brigade of Fontenoy."
After 1852 | Crucita, Contra Costa, California, USA
Poet of "Reminiscences of the Mines" published in Pioneer Magazine.
After 1855 | San Francisco, California, USAG
Editor of San Francisco Monitor.
Events - Death & Burial
20 November 1863 | San Francisco, California, USAG
Bartholomew Dowling died on 20 November 1863, in San Francisco, California, USAG
. Note: Age: 40; St Mary's Hospital.
Cause: Poor general health made worse from being thrown from buggy and having fractured leg
Facts - Non-Chronological
Name Bartholomew Southern
Poet & Author of "The Brigade of Fontenoy."
In the Dowling One-Name Study Bartholomew Dowling has the reference number 27602.
Wikipedia Biography 17 Mar 2020:
Dowling was born in Listowel, County Kerry. While he was still a child, his parents emigrated to Canada, where they remained for some years, and where Dowling received a part of his education. Returning to Ireland, after the death of the father, the family settled in Limerick, and older biographies misidentify Limerick as the city of Dowling's birth.
Burdened with the task of caring for his mother and younger brothers and sisters, Dowling did not follow literature as a profession. He published short pieces, mostly anonymously, while working in the mercantile trades for support. He traveled to California in the summer of 1852 and engaged in mining in the northern counties. Not finding this work congenial, he took to farming in Contra Costa, where he built himself a home and entertained John Mitchel, General James Shields, and Terence MacManus, as visitors.
In a lengthy poem entitled "Reminiscences of the Mines", published in the Pioneer magazine for November, 1855, Dowling wrote of life in the mining camp. Sometimes he wrote under the pen-name of "Southern"; at other times over the initial letter of his surname; but his favorite signature was "Masque". In Edward Hayes's Ballad Poetry of Ireland, two of Dowling's works are printed anonymously, and only one bears his name.
In March 1858, P. J. Thomas, an enterprising publisher and one of the founders of the San Francisco Monitor, induced Dowling to quit the seclusion of Crucita Valley in Contra Costa County and move to San Francisco and work on that newspaper. Dowling became editor of the San Francisco Monitor, at a time when he was in poor health. However, he continued his writing, which "displayed a vigor and versatility that gave evidence of what he was capable of accomplishing under more favorable circumstances".(1)
Dowling's death on November 20, 1863 resulted from his being thrown from a buggy and having his leg broken. His health previous to this shock had been declining, and he died in St. Mary's Hospital of San Francisco.
"Bartholomew Dowling" in Denis Oliver Crowley, Irish Poets and Novelists (1892) pp. 31-77.SOURCE: http://www.folklorist.org/song/The_Brigade_at_Fontenoy: -
The Brigade at Fontenoy”
Author: Bartholomew Dowling (1823-1863) (source: OLochlainn-More)
Earliest date: 1845 (Duffy; also Duffy's magazine _The Nation,_ according to OLochlainn-More)
Keywords: army battle England France Ireland patriotic
Found in: Ireland
"The green flag is unfolded" before the battle. "There are stains to wash away." "Thrice blest the hour that witnesses The Briton turned to flee" from the French and Irish. God "grant us One day upon our own dear land Like that at Fontenoy!"
The first Irish Brigade, sent to France in 1688, became an integral part of the French army after the Jacobite defeat in Ireland. The Irish Brigade served the French army -- and did fight at Fontenoy -- until it was dissolved in 1791 as a result of the French Revolution. (source: _The Irish Brigade, A Brief History_ by David Kincaid at the Haunted Field Music site) - BS
Of course, by the time of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748), it was a completely new set of Irish exiles from those who departed Ireland c. 1690.
The War of the Austrian Succession came about for complex reasons: When the Habsburg Emperor Joseph I died in 1711, just six years after his father, the Empire passed to his brother Charles VI even though Joseph had sons; the boys were too young to rule.
But Charles VI wasn't willing to pass the crown back when he died; instead, as early as 1713, he devised the "Pragmatic Sanction" to pass the succession to his descendents. Which, since he had no sons, meant his daughter Maria Theresa.
There was no particular reason for other countries to interfere, but the Habsburg Empire was a big place even prior to the reign of Charles VI, and Charles had gone so far as to try to reclaim Spain. So, at one time or another, Spain, France, Bavaria, Saxony, and Prussia went after Habsburg lands. (And, in Prussia's case, picked up a lot of them.)
The Fontenoy campaign began in April 1745, with Maurice of Saxony (Hermann Maurice , comte de Saxe, 1696-1750) leading a mostly French army against an alliance of Austrian, Dutch, Hannoverian, and British forces under the Duke of Cumberland (yes, the future "Butcher" Cumberland of Culloden) in the low countries. Cumberland's goal was to stop Saxe from taking Tournai.
Saxe, however, was much the better general; Cumberland, a typical Hannoverian, was brave and aggressive -- and stupid. Saxe picked the ground, and even though the English infantry proved better than the French, he used his artillery with enough effect to win the day.
The histories of the battle that I've read make little or no mention of Irish contributions; they were there, but they don't seem to have done anything decisive.
Tactically, Fontenoy was close to a draw: Both sides had about 50,000 troops in action, and both suffered about 15% casualties. But Saxe had won the campaign, relieving pressure on France; he had also lowered the reputation of British infantry. Maybe *that* is why the Irish celebrated it.
It's just possible that the Irish would have been better off had they done worse at Fontenoy. Susan Maclean Kybett, in _Bonnie Prince Charlie_, Dodd Mead, 1988, p. 111, implies that the result of the battle put great pressure on Bonnie Prince Charlie and his colleagues in Paris at the time. They of course wanted to invade Britain, but the French were not being helpful. Had the French felt more pressure, they might have given Charlie enough support to do some good -- which might have led to a Stuart restoration, which would certainly have helped the Irish. As it was, the French gave Charlie just enough support to get in trouble: They sailed off to start the Forty-Five, but with no money, no French soldiers, no French generals to argue around the inept clan chiefs, and no equipment. The surprise is not that the Forty-Five failed; it's that such a hurried, under-funded botch came so close to success.
Fontenoy resulted in a famous incident which says much about the fighting methods of the time, in which British and French soldiers invited the other to fire first (see Geoffrey Wawro, _The Austro-Prussian War: Austria's War with Prussia and Italy in 1866_, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p. 7). This wasn't politeness; in an era when muskets were extremely inaccurate, the side that fired first generally wasted its first volley, and it took a long time to relaod.
O'Conor apparently lists the author as B. "Bowling" rather than "Dowling"; given that Bartholomew Dowling is a recognized if relatively minor poet (_Granger's Index to Poetry_ has citations to his works "Our Last Toast," "The Revel," "Revelry for the Dying," and "Stand to your Glasses), I'm assuming "Dowling" is correct.
There is another Irish nationalist piece on Fontenoy; Thomas Davis wrote a poem "Fontenoy," published e.g. in Kathleen Hoagland, editor, _One Thousand Years of Irish Poetry_ (New York, 1947), pp. 476-478. I've seen no evidence that it is traditional. - RBW
May 11, 1745: the French defeat the British and their allies at Fontenoy in South West Belgium (War of the Austrian Succession or King George's War) (source: _The Battle of Fontenoy 1745_ at BritishBattles.com site; "Irish" does not appear in the article)
O'Conor, p. 129, "The Brigade at Fontenoy" (1 text)
OLochlainn-More 13, "The Brigade at Fontenoy" (1 text, 1 tune)
ADDITIONAL: Charles Gavan Duffy, editor, The Ballad Poetry of Ireland (1845), pp. 215-218, "'The Brigade' at Fontenoy"
Edward Hayes, The Ballads of Ireland (Boston, 1859), Vol I, pp. 229-231, "The Brigade at Fontenoy"
- [S2704] SOURCE: (Full): Various,
Source Combined Fields: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_Dowling,
Citation Detail: Wikipedia,
Citation Text: 17-Mar-2020:-