Timeline - list

This is a list of 'Timeline' events I occasionally add to individuals. Some are examples from a magazine which I have yet to use. I can add some more if you think they are important. They are events which were 'significant' in someone's lifetime.(ORA Compatible)


From To Location Description Link Note
1169 1171 Ireland Anglo-Norman Invasion of Ireland, prompted by Diarmaid macMurchadha King of Leinster. Normans commence plantation of it's key supporters.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Norman_invasion_of_Ireland
1171   Ireland English King Henry II invades Ireland to control Norman and Irish population. Welcomed to halt Norman expansion but English plantations then commmence.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Norman_invasion_of_Ireland
28Jun1491 28Jan1547 England Henry VIII is King and triggers centuries of religious persecution to obtain a divorce List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_VIII
1492   America Christopher Columbus re-discovers America   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus
18Feb1516 17Nov1558 Ireland Mary is Queen and promotes bloody Catholic persecutions of protestants   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_I_of_England
7Sep1533 24Mar1603 England Elizabeth I is Queen and promotes British acquisitions by any means   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I
1550 1620 Ireland Plantations of Ireland: Tudor and Stuart monarchs commence campaign of subjugation of Irish people by the plantation of loyal English subjects. Begins with Munster and ends with Ulster in 1606.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantations_of_Ireland
1556   Ireland First plantations took place in Laois and Offaly under Catholic Queen Mary Tudor. Laois became Queen's County after Mary and Offaly King's County after husband Phillip II of Spain. Heavily resisted by native Irish who lose 2/3rds of land to English.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantations_of_Ireland
1565   America St Augustine established as first permanent settlement   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Augustine,_Florida
1 Jan 1578   Mullaghmast, Ballitore, Kildare, Ireland Rath of Mullaghmast Massacre where the Seven Septs of Laois, including O'Dowlings were lured by parley to slaughter by English List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Mullaghmast
1579   Ireland Munster Rebellion   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%BCnster_rebellion
1580   Ireland Second plantations in Munster followed the seizure of Catholic Earl of Desmond's property in Munster.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantations_of_Ireland
1586   Ireland English landlords 'Undertakers' agreed to bring over English customs, Protestantism and loyalty to the Queen. Plantation failed by 1600 as land was ruined in war to take it and constant Irish attacks.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantations_of_Ireland
1598   Ireland Hugh O'Neill sent an army to Munster under Owney O'More joined by dispossessed Irish and Old English. Widespread killings and castles and crops burned.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_O%27Neill,_Earl_of_Tyrone
1603 1625 Ireland Third plantations in Ulster under James 1.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantation_of_Ulster
1607   North America Jamestown settlement founded by John Smith   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamestown_Settlement
1609 1774 North America American Indian Wars (Colonial Period) where immigrants to North America supress and eradicate indigenous tribes   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Indian_Wars#Colonial_periods_(1609%E2%80%931774)
1620   North America Mayflower lands at Plymouth   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower
1Oct1641 30Apr1653 Ireland Irish Confederate Wars (Eleven Years' War): Irish Catholics try to seize the English administration to force British Commonwealth into concessions for Catholics. Terminated by Oliver Cromwell's brutal invasion. List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Confederate_Wars
23Oct1641 31May1642 Ireland Irish Rebellion of 1641 or the Irish Confederate Wars (Eleven Year's War) part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Rebellion_of_1641
22Aug1642 3Sep1651 England English Civil War: series of wars between the British monarchy and parliamentary forces over which arogant 'elites' should govern the country. Parlimentary victory for Cromwell led to beheading of King Charles I and significant dispowering of future British monarchs.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Civil_War#The_King's_rule
1649 1652 Ireland Cromwellian Invasion: Troops commanded by Oliver Cromwell arrive in Ireland to seize lands of Charles I loyalists and Irish lords. Lands then granted for settlement to Cromwell supporters.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cromwellian_conquest_of_Ireland
1689 1691 Ireland Williamite War: England's King James II deposed after conflict with William of Orange ending in Jacobean defeat in 1690 at the Battle of the Boyne and Battle of Aughrim in 1691. Dutch William and wife Mary become monarchs of the United Kingdom.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_War_in_Ireland
1754   North America French and Indian War starts between Britain and France, both ally with Native tribes   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_and_Indian_War
1775 1842 USA American Indian Wars (East of Mississippi) where immigrants to North America supress and eradicate indigenous tribes   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Indian_Wars#East_of_the_Mississippi_(1775%E2%80%931842)
1778   Ireland 'The Volunteer' militias raised originally to guard against invasion as British troops were fighting revolution in America. Some militias successfully pressured Westminster to allow Dublin government   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Volunteers_(18th_century)
10Feb1763   North America French and Indian War ends with Britain gaining most of North American territory from France   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_and_Indian_War
19apr1775   North America American Revolutionary War starts over taxation without representation List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Revolutionary_War
3Sep1783   USA American Revolutionary War of Independence ends with Peace of Paris Treaty List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Revolutionary_War
1796   Ireland Irish Flax Growers awarded looms to encourage production. Lists published.   http://www.igp-web.com/Carlow/Flax_growers.htm#:~:text=T%20he%20Flax%20Growers%20Bounty%20List%20is%20also,growers%20who%20were%20given%20incentives%20for%20growing%20flax.
1798   Ireland Irish Rebellion by United Irishmen defeated   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Rebellion_of_1798
1807   United Kingdom Britain outlawed its involvement in the international slave trade   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave_Trade_Act_1807
1800   Ireland Acts of Union: Irish parliament is dissolved and Ireland becomes part of the United Kingdom ruled from Westminster.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Union_1800
1807 1814 United Kingdom The Peninsular War, seven years of fighting Napoleon   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peninsular_War
1811 1924 USA American Indian Wars (West of Mississippi) where immigrants to North America supress and eradicate indigenous tribes   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Indian_Wars#West_of_the_Mississippi_(1811%E2%80%931924)
18Jun1812 16Feb1815 USA War of 1812, conflict between USA and the British Empire largely over naval impressment, ending in Treaty of Ghent   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812
1823 1837 Ireland Tithe Applotment Books (to pay tax to Protestant church) leading to Tithe War (1830-36)   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tithe_War
1837   England & Wales Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths begins   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_registration#United_Kingdom
1838 1857 England & Wales Chartist mass call for anti-corruption reforms to representation fail for working people largely due to adherence to legal protest methods, but establishes that superficially democratic governments cling to power regardless of the views of its people List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chartism
1841   England & Wales The first census was taken in June   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1841_United_Kingdom_census
1845 1852 Ireland 'The Starvation' - Irish Famine; Due to potato crop failure and Westminster mismanagement of exports and crisis, 1 to 1.5 million people die, another million become refugees in UK, USA & Australia List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Famine_(Ireland)
1848 1864 Ireland Griffith's Valuation of Ireland surveys landholdings   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griffith%27s_Valuation
1855   Scotland Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths begins   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_registration#United_Kingdom
12Apr1861   USA American Civil War starts due to conflict between State and National authority over many issues, predominantly, slavery List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War
1864   Ireland Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths begins   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_registration#United_Kingdom
9May1865   USA American Civil War ends with abolition of slavery and dissolution of confederacy List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War
6Dec1865   USA Abolition of slavery by 13th Amendment.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End_of_slavery_in_the_United_States_of_America
1870   England & Wales Forster's Education Act introduced elementary education for 5 to 13-year-old children   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elementary_Education_Act_1870
20 Dec 1880 23 Mar 1881 South African First Anglo-Boer War between the United Kingdom and the Boers. Resulting in Boer victory and UK recognition of South African Republic. List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Boer_War
1882   England & Wales Building on the Act of 1870, this Married Women's Property Act aimed to protect wives' rights to retain their own property   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Married_Women%27s_Property_Act_1882
1889   Argentina Dresden Affair ends mass migration from Ireland to Argentia (1870-1880) as many die on ship SS Dresden and on arrival in Naposta, Bahia Blanca, Argentina due to attrocious conditions List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Argentine#The_Dresden_Affair
1892   USA Ellis Island Immigration Station opens in New York. The first person through the gate was 15-year-old Irish girl Annie Moore   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellis_Island
11 Oct 1899 31-May-02 South Africa Second Anglo-Boer War between United Kingdom and Boers. Resulting in British victory and the establishment of the Orange Free State. List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Boer_War
1906   England & Wales The Haldane Reforms began overhauling the way that the British Army was organised   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haldane_Reforms
28Jul1914   Europe World War 1 starts, following the assassination at Sarajevo, with Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I
17Feb1915   Gelibolu, Canakkale, Turkey Gallipoli Campaign starts - a bloody and costly defeat for allied forces against the Ottoman Empire   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallipoli_campaign
09Jan1916   Gelibolu, Canakkale, Turkey Gallipoli Campaign ends - a bloody and costly defeat for allied forces against the Ottoman Empire   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallipoli_campaign
24Apr1916 29Apr1916 Ireland Easter Rising or Easter Rebellion armed skirmishes by Irish Republicans against British rule. Resulting in 485 deaths, an unconditional surrender of rebel forces and 16 execution of rebel leaders.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Rising
01Nov1918   World World War 1 ends with millions dead and armistice in Germany List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I
21Jan1919 11Jul1921 Ireland Irish War of Independence; setting-up of the Irish parliament called the Dail Eireann promotes armed resistance to British rule and leads to the partition of Ireland and creation of the Irish Free State.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_War_of_Independence
06Dec1922   Ireland Irish Free State established until 29 Dec1937 (effectively independent but remaining a British Dominion)   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Free_State
1928   United Kingdom Equal Franchise Act meant that women acquired the same voting rights as men. All people over the age of 21 were eligible to vote in the UK   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representation_of_the_People_(Equal_Franchise)_Act_1928
29Dec1937   Ireland Irish Free State abolished and becomes 'Eire' - an effective Republic as allegiances, political and law-making ties with the United Kingdom are terminated.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Ireland
01Sep1939   Europe World War 2 starts with German invasion of Poland List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II
02Sep1945   World World War 2 ends armistice in Japan (VJ Day) List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II
19Nov1945   Germany The Nuremberg Trials begin   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg_trials
15Aug1947   India Independence from British rule   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_independence_movement
18Apr1949   Ireland Britain finally officially declares Ireland (the southern 26 counties) a Republic and Ireland is removed from the British Commonwealth.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland
25Jun1950   Korea Korean War starts List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
27Jul1953   Korea Korean War ends List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
01Nov1955   Vietnam Vietnam War starts   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
1970   England & Wales The age of voting eligibility was dropped to 18 years of age for men and women   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_age#United_Kingdom
1970   World Climate Crisis threat to life on earth largely ignored by human race   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_crisis
30Apr1975   Vietnam Vietnam War ends   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
1989   World Tim Berners-Lee creates the World Wide Web   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Berners-Lee
1991   World The 'Cold War' Ends   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_War
2007   World Smartphones are on the rise with the launch of the first iPhone   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smartphone
31Dec2019   World Coronavirus Covid 19 pandemic kills over 6,019,085 people (at 10 Mar 2022) worldwide and exposes great strengths in healthcare personnel and political inadequacies amounting in many countries to criminal neglect and/or gross incompetence. List of People https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_death_rates_by_country
24Feb2022   Ukraine Russia's fascist dictator, Vladimir Putin, launches large-scale unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, slaughtering innocent civilians and displacing millions of people to grab territory. The War is notable for potentially triggering World War 3, and for the Russian government's intransigent, labour intensive and pernicious maintenance of a completely false narrative both internally and externally.   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2022_Russian_invasion_of_Ukraine
28Feb2022   World United Nations climate report declares that research shows for many aspects of man-made climate deterioration the effects are already irresversible.   https://phys.org/news/2022-02-climate-atlas-human-worse-bigger.html#:~:text=The%20United%20Nations%20on%20Monday%2C%20Feb.%2028%2C%202022%2C,to%20die%20from%20extreme%20weather%2C%20the%20report%20says.